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Simeon Lord
28 January 1771 – 29 January 1840



Born The fourth of ten children to Simeon Lord and Ann Fielden of Dobroyd (near Todmorden), Yorkshire, England, Lord was born about 28 January 1771.
Early Life

In April 1790, as a 19-year-old, he was convicted and sentenced to 7 years transportation at the Manchester Quarter Sessions in Lancashire for the theft of 21 pieces of cloth, 100 yards of calico and 100 yards of muslin.

Lord was transported to New South Wales as part of the Third Fleet on board the Atlantic.

He arrived in Sydney on 20 August 1791, and the convict lad was assigned to Captain Thomas Rowley of the New South Wales Corps.

Pioneer Merchant

Simeon Lord was a pioneer merchant and a magistrate in Australia.

He became a prominent trader in Sydney, buying and selling ship cargoes.

Despite being an emancipist Lord was made a magistrate by Governor Lachlan Macquarie, and he became a frequent guest at government house.

His business dealings were extensive and he became one of Sydney's wealthiest men.

He was at various times a retailer, auctioneer, sealer, pastoralist, timber merchant and manufacturer.

One of Sydney's wealthiest

Lord developed many business interests in the colony, and became one of Sydney's wealthiest men.

His first known business venture was to run a drinking house, and he purchased a license for it in 1798 for £5, after his sentence had expired.

The drinking house was documented as being called "The Swan", but when he renewed the license, for a further £5 in 1799, the name was documented as being The Black Swan.

Simeon also signed as surety on James Squire's establishment called The Malting Shovel in 1799.

In 1801 it was reported that "Simeon Lord sells rum at 32/- a gallon" ... "these are Governor Kings regulations for the benefit of the Colony while American ships who would be glad to sell their liquor at 5/-, 6/- or 7/- per G. are turned away!".

With help from the government like this, it is no wonder that Lord prospered.

In a few years Lord had established a general merchandise and agency business, and in 1800 with a partner purchased a brig the Anna Josepha.

He also became an auctioneer and prospered, a return made in 1804 said that the "estimated value of commercial articles imported from abroad in the hands of Simeon Lord and other dealers was £15,000".

Though his position was not comparable with that of Robert Campbell, it is clear that already he was one of the leading merchants of Sydney.

His business was on the site of the corner of Bridge Street and Macquarie Place.

In 1807 Governor William Bligh spoke adversely about his business dealings with the masters of ships, and Judge Field several years later spoke in a similar way.

Aspersions of this kind against members of the emancipist class at this period must, however, be accepted with caution.

No doubt Lord was a keen business man well able to look after his own interests, but he also had enterprise and courage, valuable qualities in the developing colony.

Married

On 27 October 1814, at St Philip's Church, Sydney Lord married his partner of many years, Mary Hyde.

The marriage was held when their fifth child was only one week old.

A witness to the wedding was William Wentworth, the son of the family friend D'Arcy Wentworth.

Died

Lord became a large landholder during his life-time, of both land he purchased himself, and of land grants.

Lord's extensive land holdings included land at Petersham, Botany Bay and Tasmania.

Lord died "an immensely wealthy man" at the age of 69 on 29 January 1840 in the family home of "Banks House" at Botany.


 


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