Nickname:"The City of Churches"
Area:870 km² (Metro)
Coordinates:34°55′ S 138°36′ E
2009 - 1 190 500
European settlement of South Australia had its origins in the theory of systematic colonization proposed by Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
He advocated settlement by ordinary citizens, that land should be sold in small lots (at a moderate fixed price and the funds raised used to support further colonisation), and some self-government allowed.
His ideas led to the founding (1834) of the South Australian Association.
"Light's Vision", as it has been termed, has meant that the initial design of Adelaide required little modification as the city grew and prospered. Usually in an older city, it would be necessary to accommodate larger roads and add parks, whereas Adelaide had them from the
Adelaide was established as the centre of a planned colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution and as such does not share the convict history of other Australian cities, like Sydney and Hobart.
Coincidental to that fact, the name Adelaide comes from the German words meaning “Noble Birth”.
Adelaide is located north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide plains between the Gulf St. Vincent and the low lying Mount Lofty Ranges.
There are a number of creeks which flow through Adelaide into the Torrens or Onkaparinga River systems.
Adelaide has a Mediterranean climate which generally means mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.
All of Adelaide's weather has been measured at the College Road, Kent Town weather station since February 1977, when the office moved from it's previous location at West Terrace in the CBD.
Of all the Australian capital cities, Adelaide is the driest.
Rainfall is very unreliable, light and infrequent throughout Summer; where rain does not fall for months at a time. In contrast, Winter weather is fairly regular with June being the wettest month of the year, averaging 80 millimetres.
(*Kent Town weather station 1977-present)