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Est. Population 2009
City of Brisbane: 2 005 000
The Brisbane area was first discovered by Europeans in 1823 when John Oxley explored the Brisbane River and Moreton Bay.
In 1824, the colonial administration of New South Wales decided to establish a penal settlement at what is now Redcliffe, on the shores of Moreton Bay.
This settlement was soon closed and moved to the present-day site of Brisbane.
Free settlement in the Brisbane region commenced in 1839.
Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony in June 1859 and Brisbane was chosen as its capital.
However, Brisbane was not incorporated as a city until 1902.
Twenty small municipalities and shires were amalgamated to form the City of Greater Brisbane, now known simply as the City of Brisbane, in 1925.
Due to Brisbane's proximity to the South West Pacific Area theatre of the Second World War, the city played a prominent role in the defence of Australia.
The city became a temporary home to thousands of Australian and American servicemen, as well as the headquarters of General Douglas Macarthur.
Brisbane finally gained widespread recognition in the 1980s when it hosted two events of international importance - the 1982 Commonwealth Games and the Expo 88 World's Fair.
Brisbane has a subtropical climate with hot, moist summers and mild, dry winters.
Summer thunderstorms are common, and Brisbane frequently experiences hailstorms, cyclonic winds and more recently severe drought during the summer months.
Mean January minimum temperature — 21°C (69°F)
Mean July maximum temperature — 20°C (69°F)
Mean July minimum temperature — 10°C (49°F)
Mean annual rainfall — 1146 mm (45.1 inches)
Wettest month on average — January, 160 mm (6.3 inches)
Driest month on average — August, 46 mm (1.8 inches)
Coldest minimum — 2.3°C (36.1°F), 12 July 1894 and 2 July 1896
Wettest month — 1026 mm (40.4 inches) of rainfall, February 1893
Wettest day — 465 mm (18.3 inches), 21 January 1887
Highest wind gust — 145 km/h (90 m/h)
The Local Government Areas surrounding the City of Brisbane which are part of
the Brisbane metropolitan area are: