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Governors of
Colonial Australia

 

 


New South Wales
Tasmania
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia

Aside from the Crown itself, the office of Governor of New South Wales is the oldest constitutional office in Australia.

Captain Arthur Phillip held the office as Governor of New South Wales on 7 February 1788, when the Colony of New South Wales, the first British settlement in Australia, was formally founded.

The early colonial governors held an almost autocratic power due to the distance from and poor communications with Great Britain, until 1824 when the New South Wales Legislative Council, Australia's first legislative body, was appointed to advise the governor.

Between 1850 and 1861, the Governor of New South Wales was titled Governor-General in an early attempt at federalism imposed by Earl Grey.

All communication between the Australian colonies and the British Government was meant to go through the Governor-General, and the other colonies had Lieutenant-Governors.

As South Australia (1836), Tasmania (January 1855) and Victoria (May 1855) obtained responsible government, their Lieutenant-Governors were replaced by Governors.


 

The Governors of New South Wales

No. Name
From
To
1 Arthur Phillip
7 February 1788
10 December 1792
2 Captain John Hunter
11 September 1795
27 September 1800
3 Captain Philip King
28 September 1800
12 August 1806
4 Captain William Bligh
13 August 1806
26 January 1808
5 Lachlan Macquarie
1 January 1810
1 December 1821
6 Sir Thomas Brisbane
1 December 1821
1 December 1825
7 Sir Ralph Darling
19 December 1825
21 October 1831
8 Sir Richard Bourke
3 December 1831
5 December 1837
9 Sir George Gipps
24 February 1838
11 July 1846
10 Sir Charles Augustus FitzRoy
3 August 1846
January 1855
11 Sir William Denison
20 January 1855
22 January 1861
12 John Young
16 May 1861
24 December 1867
13 The Rt Hon. The Earl of Belmore
8 January 1868
21 February 1872
14 The Rt Hon. The Lord Rosmead
3 June 1872
19 March 1879
Wikipedia Article
15 Sir Augustus Loftus
4 August 1879
9 November 1885
Wikipedia Article
16 The Lord Carrington
12 December 1885
3 November 1890
Wikipedia Article
17 The Rt Hon. The Earl of Jersey
15 January 1891
2 March 1893
Wikipedia Article
18 Sir Robert Duff
29 May 1893
15 March 1895
Wikipedia Article
19 The Viscount Hampden
21 November 1895
5 March 1899
Wikipedia Article
20 The Earl Beauchamp
18 May 1899
30 April 1901
Wikipedia Article

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New South Wales
Tasmania
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia

 

The Lieutenant-Governors of Van Deimen's Land (Tasmania)

No. Name:
From:
To:
 
1 Colonel Thomas Davey
4 February 1813
9 March 1817
Wikipedia Article
2 Colonel William Sorell
9 March 1817
14 May 1824
Wikipedia Article
3 Colonel Sir George Arthur
14 May 1824
29 October 1836
Wikipedia Article
4 Captain Sir John Franklin
5 January 1837
21 August 1843
Wikipedia Article
5 Sir John Eardley-Wilmot
21 August 1843
13 October 1846
Wikipedia Article
6 Sir William Denison
25 January 1847
8 January 1855

The Governors of Van Deimen's Land (Tasmania)

No. Name: From:
To:
 
1 Sir Henry Young 8 January 1855
10 December 1861
Wikipedia Article
2 Colonel Sir Thomas Browne 11 December 1862
30 December 1868
Wikipedia Article
3 Sir Charles Du Cane 15 January 1869
30 November 1874
Wikipedia Article
4 Sir Frederick Weld 13 January 1875
5 April 1880
Wikipedia Article
5 Major Sir George Strahan 7 December 1881
28 October 1886
Wikipedia Article
6 Sir Robert Hamilton 11 March 1887
30 November 1892
Wikipedia Article
7 The Viscount Gormanston 8 August 1893
14 August 1900
Wikipedia Article

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New South Wales
Tasmania
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia

 

The Lieutenant-Governors of Victoria

No. Name: From:
To:
 
1 Captain Charles La Trobe 1851
1854
Wikipedia Article
2 Captain Sir Charles Hotham 1854
1855
Wikipedia Article

The Governors of Victoria

No. Name: From:
To:
 
1 Captain Sir Charles Hotham 22 May 1855
31 December 1855
Wikipedia Article
2 Sir Henry Barkly 26 December 1856
10 September 1863
Wikipedia Article
3 Sir Charles Darling 11 September 1863
7 May 1866
Wikipedia Article
4 Viscount Canterbury 15 August 1866
2 March 1873
Wikipedia Article
5 Sir George Bowen 30 July 1873
22 February 1879
Wikipedia Article
6 The Marquess of Normanby 29 April 1879
18 April 1884
Wikipedia Article
7 The Rt Hon. Lord Loch 15 July 1884
15 November 1889
Wikipedia Article
8 The Earl of Hopetoun 28 November 1889
12 July 1895
Wikipedia Article
9 The Earl Brassey 25 October 1895
31 March 1900
Wikipedia Article

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New South Wales
Tasmania
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia

 

Governors of South Australia

No. Name: From:
To:
 
1 Sir John Hindmarsh 28 December 1836
16 July 1838
Wikipedia Article
2 Lieutenant-Colonel George Gawler 17 October 1838
15 May 1841
Wikipedia Article
3 Sir George Grey 15 May 1841
25 October 1845
Wikipedia Article
4 Frederick Holt Robe 25 October 1845
2 August 1848
Wikipedia Article
5 Sir Henry Fox Young 2 August 1848
20 December 1854
Wikipedia Article
6 Sir Richard Groves MacDonnell 8 June 1855
4 March 1862
Wikipedia Article
7 Sir Dominick Daly 4 March 1862
19 February 1868
Wikipedia Article
8 Sir James Fergusson 16 February 1869
18 April 1873
Wikipedia Article
9 Sir Anthony Musgrave 9 June 1873
29 January 1877
Wikipedia Article
10 Sir William Jervois 2 October 1877
9 January 1883
Wikipedia Article
11 Sir William Robinson 19 February 1883
5 March 1889
Wikipedia Article
12 The Earl of Kintore 11 April 1889
10 April 1895
Wikipedia Article
13 Sir Thomas Buxton 29 October 1895
29 March 1899
Wikipedia Article
14 Lord Tennyson 10 April 1899
17 July 1902
Wikipedia Article

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New South Wales
Tasmania
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia

 

Governors of Queensland

No. Name: From:
To:
 
1 Sir George Bowen 10 December 1859
4 January 1868
Wikipedia Article
2 Sir Samuel Blackall 14 August 1868
2 January 1871
Wikipedia Article
3 The Marquess of Normanby 12 August 1871
12 November 1874
Wikipedia Article
4 Sir William Cairns 23 January 1875
14 March 1877
Wikipedia Article
5 Sir Arthur Kennedy 20 July 1877
2 May 1883
Wikipedia Article
6 Sir Anthony Musgrave 6 November 1883
9 November 1888
Wikipedia Article
7 Sir Henry Norman 1 May 1889
31 December 1895
Wikipedia Article
8 The Lord Lamington 9 April 1896
19 December 1901
Wikipedia Article

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New South Wales
Tasmania
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia

 

Lieutenant-Governors of Western Australia

No. Name: From:
To:
 
1 Captain Sir James Stirling 30 December 1828
5 February 1832

Governors of Western Australia

No. Name: From:
To:
 
1 Sir James Stirling 4 March 1832
2 January 1839
2 John Hutt 3 January 1839
26 January 1846
Wikipedia Article
3 Sir Andrew Clarke 27 January 1846
11 February 1847
Wikipedia Article
*** Frederick Irwin 12 February 1847
11 August 1848
Wikipedia Article
4 Charles Fitzgerald 12 August 1848
22 July 1855
Wikipedia Article
5 Sir Arthur Kennedy 23 July 1855
27 February 1862
Wikipedia Article
6 Dr John Hampton 28 February 1862
1 November 1868
Wikipedia Article
7 Sir Benjamin Pine 2 November 1868
29 September 1869
Wikipedia Article
8 Sir Frederick Weld 30 September 1869
10 January 1875
Wikipedia Article
9 Sir William Robinson # 11 January 1875
11 November 1877
Wikipedia Article
10 Sir Harry Ord 12 November 1877
9 April 1880
Wikipedia Article
11 Sir William Robinson # 10 Apr 1880
1 June 1883
Wikipedia Article
12 Sir Frederick Broome 2 June 1883
19 October 1890
Wikipedia Article
13 Sir William Robinson # 20 October 1890
22 December 1895
Wikipedia Article
14 Sir Gerard Smith 23 December 1895
30 April 1901
Wikipedia Article

*** Acting Governor
# Held the position 3 times

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New South Wales
Tasmania
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia


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