Hobart is located on the estuary of the Derwent River in the state's south-east.
The CBD is located on the western shore, adjacent to Sullivan's Cove, with the inner suburbs spread out along the shores of the Derwent and climbing up the hills at the foot of Mount Wellington (1270 metres/4233 feet high).
The Port of Hobart occupies the whole of the original Sullivan's Cove.
Hobart is the second-oldest city in Australia (after Sydney).
Amid British concerns over the presence of French explorers, the first settlement was started in 1803 as a penal colony at Risdon Cove on the eastern shores of the Derwent River.
In 1804 it was moved to a better location at the present site of Hobart at Sullivan's Cove.
The area's original inhabitants were members of the semi-nomadic Mouheneer tribe.
A series of bloody encounters with the Europeans and the effects of diseases brought by the settlers forced away the aboriginal population, which was rapidly replaced by free settlers and the convict population.b
Hobart has a mild, temperate, maritime climate with four distinct seasons.
Being in the southern hemisphere, summer is December to February.
Mean summer maximum temperature — 21.1°C
Mean summer minimum temperature — 11.9°C
Mean winter maximum temperature — 12.5°C
Mean winter minimum temperature — 5.4°C
Mean annual rainfall — 628mm
Wettest month on average — October, 63mm
Driest month on average — February, 40mm