The Australasian Population at the end of 1895
On the 26th January, 1788, Captain Phillip arrived in Sydney Harbour, bringing with him an establishement of about 1,030 people all told.
Settlement soon spread from the parent colony, first to Tasmania in 1803, and afterwards to other parts of the continent and to New Zealand.
At the end of 1895 the population of Australasia had grown to 4,238,369 persons, thus distributed :-
The growth of the population of Australasia from the date of the first settlement is shown in the following table. An official enumeration of the people was made in most of the years quoted :-
* Census population
** Persons per square mile
At the close of the year 1895 the population of Australasia, including the native races, only reached a density of 1.46 persons per square mile - a rate which is far below that of any other civilised country and, excluding Australian Aborigines and Maoris, the density was not more than 1.38 per square mile.
A comparison of the density of population in Australasia with that in older countries of the world is of little practical use beyond affording some indication of the future of these colonies when their populations have reached the proportions to be found in the old world.
The latest authoratitive statements give the density of populations of the great divisions of the world as follows :-
|If to these numbers, which principally comprise the people of European descent, there be added an estimated population of 200,000 Australian Aborigines in an uncivilised state in Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland, and of 41 993 Maoris in New Zealand, the total population of Australasia at the end of 1895 would be nearly 4,500,000|