Grandpa Pencil's
Australian Colonial
Intelligence

8

The Australasian Population at the end of 1895

Records drawn from a statistical account of the seven colonies of Australasia 1895 - 1896, T. A. Coghlan

On the 26th January, 1788, Captain Phillip arrived in Sydney Harbour, bringing with him an establishement of about 1,030 people all told.

Settlement soon spread from the parent colony, first to Tasmania in 1803, and afterwards to other parts of the continent and to New Zealand.

At the end of 1895 the population of Australasia had grown to 4,238,369 persons, thus distributed :-

Colony
Males
Females
Total

NSW

685 160
592 710
1 277 870

Vic.

605 176
576 593

1 181 769

Qld

259 160
201 390
460 550

S.A.

185 531
171 874
357 405

W.A.

69 727
31 508
101 235

Tas

85 054
75 780
160 834

N.Z.

369 725
328 981
698 706

Total

2 259 533
1 978 836
4 238 369


Australasia

The growth of the population of Australasia from the date of the first settlement is shown in the following table. An official enumeration of the people was made in most of the years quoted :-

Year
Population
of
Australasia
Average
increase
%

1788

1 030

1801

6 508
15.13

1811

11 525
11.94

1821

35 610
5.88

1831

79 306
8.34

1841

211 095
10.28

1851

430 596
7.36

1861*

1 252 994
11.3

1871*

1 924 770
4.39

1881*

2 742 550
3.60

1891*

3 809 895
3.34

1892

3 985 273
2.60

1893

4 068 318
2.08

1894

4 153 766
2.10

1895

4 238 369
2.04

* Census population

** Persons per square mile
Area = Square miles
Aust = Australasia and Pacific

At the close of the year 1895 the population of Australasia, including the native races, only reached a density of 1.46 persons per square mile - a rate which is far below that of any other civilised country and, excluding Australian Aborigines and Maoris, the density was not more than 1.38 per square mile.

A comparison of the density of population in Australasia with that in older countries of the world is of little practical use beyond affording some indication of the future of these colonies when their populations have reached the proportions to be found in the old world.

The latest authoratitive statements give the density of populations of the great divisions of the world as follows :-

Continent

Area
000
Pop
000
**

Europe

3 555
362 590
101.99

Asia

14 710
873 850
59.41

Africa

11 514
129 160

11.22

America

13 283
122 620
9.23

Aust

3 300
4 940
1.5

Polar regions

4 889
300
0.06

World

Australian Aborigines and Maoris
If to these numbers, which principally comprise the people of European descent, there be added an estimated population of 200,000 Australian Aborigines in an uncivilised state in Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland, and of 41 993 Maoris in New Zealand, the total population of Australasia at the end of 1895 would be nearly 4,500,000


back

next


About
Australia

Front
Page

Colonial
Verse


Aboriginal
Words

Working
Democracy


For The
Teacher

Search Dear Grandpa Pencil
  
powered by
Google
Google SafeSearch is ON