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Australian Colonial Intelligence

The Australasian Population at the end of 1895


 


Dear Grandpa Pencil looks at early Australian development through journals, official reports and newspaper excerpts of the day. Readers should remember that these accounts are based on personal observations at the time and some have, since, been shown to be flawed.

Records drawn from a statistical account of the seven colonies of Australasia 1895 - 1896, T. A. Coghlan

On the 26th January, 1788, Captain Phillip arrived in Sydney Harbour, bringing with him an establishement of about 1,030 people all told.

Settlement soon spread from the parent colony, first to Tasmania in 1803, and afterwards to other parts of the continent and to New Zealand.

At the end of 1895 the population of Australasia had grown to 4,238,369 persons, thus distributed :-

Colony
Males
Females
Total

NSW

685 160
592 710
1 277 870

Vic.

605 176
576 593

1 181 769

Qld

259 160
201 390
460 550

S.A.

185 531
171 874
357 405

W.A.

69 727
31 508
101 235

Tas

85 054
75 780
160 834

N.Z.

369 725
328 981
698 706

Total

2 259 533
1 978 836
4 238 369

 

Australasia

The growth of the population of Australasia from the date of the first settlement is shown in the following table. An official enumeration of the people was made in most of the years quoted :-

Year
Population
of
Australasia
Average
increase
%

1788

1 030

1801

6 508
15.13

1811

11 525
11.94

1821

35 610
5.88

1831

79 306
8.34

1841

211 095
10.28

1851

430 596
7.36

1861*

1 252 994
11.3

1871*

1 924 770
4.39

1881*

2 742 550
3.60

1891*

3 809 895
3.34

1892

3 985 273
2.60

1893

4 068 318
2.08

1894

4 153 766
2.10

1895

4 238 369
2.04

* Census population

** Persons per square mile
Area = Square miles
Aust = Australasia and Pacific

At the close of the year 1895 the population of Australasia, including the native races, only reached a density of 1.46 persons per square mile - a rate which is far below that of any other civilised country and, excluding Australian Aborigines and Maoris, the density was not more than 1.38 per square mile.

A comparison of the density of population in Australasia with that in older countries of the world is of little practical use beyond affording some indication of the future of these colonies when their populations have reached the proportions to be found in the old world.

The latest authoratitive statements give the density of populations of the great divisions of the world as follows :-

Continent

Area
000
Pop
000
**

Europe

3 555
362 590
101.99

Asia

14 710
873 850
59.41

Africa

11 514
129 160

11.22

America

13 283
122 620
9.23

Aust

3 300
4 940
1.5

Polar regions

4 889
300
0.06

World



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Published by Robin A Cartledge ~ ABN 19 924 273 138 ~ Low Head, Tasmania ~ Contact/Comment