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Grandpa Pencil's
guide to
Greek Mythology


a guide to
Greek Mythology


  • Acheron:
    A river in the Underworld.
  • Achilles:
    Greek hero in the Trojan War. He was killed by Paris with an arrow to the heel, his only mortal spot.
  • Actaeon:
    Punished by Artemia this Hunter was transformed into a stag and killed by his own hounds.
  • Adonis:
    A beautiful youth loved by Aphrodite.
  • Aeneas:
    A Trojan Prince whose wanderings after the fall of Troy are the basis of the tales of Virgil's Aeneid.
  • Aesculapus:
    God of Healing.
  • Agememnon:
    Commander of the greek armies in the Trojan war. He was killed by his wife Clytemnestra as prophesied by Cassandra.
  • Ajax:
    Fellow warrier and good friend of Achilles.
  • Amazons:
    Mythical race of war-like females.
  • Andromeda:
    Wife of the Trojan Prince, Hector.
  • Aphrodite (Venus):
    Goddess of love and beauty.
  • Ares (Mars):
    Son of Zeus and a lover of Aphredite. Mars was the God of war.
  • Argonaughts:
    As companions of Jason these Greek heroes sailed in the Argo in search of the Golden Fleece.
  • Atalanta:
    She would only marry the man who could beat her in a running race. Hippomenes succeded with the help of Aphrodite and golden apples from the garden of Hesperides.
  • Atlas:
    After refusing to shelter Perseus he was turned into Atlas Mountain and condemned to support the heavens.
  • Argos:
    King of Argos who had one hundred
    eyes of which only two slept at any
  • Ariadne:
    The daughter of Minos, the King of Crete, who helped Theseus escape from the Minotaur 's labyrinth with thread.
  • Artemis (Diana):
    Twin sister of Apollo. She was the Goddess of the hunt, the moon (Selene) and magic (Hecate).
  • Apollo:
    Son of Zeus, God of music, medicine, the arts and prophesy and charriot driver to the Sun.


  • Bacchantes:
    Wild disheveled women who were devotees of Bacchus.
  • Bacchus (Dionysus):
    God of wine, mirth and revelry.
  • Bellerophon:
    Slew the Chimaera aided by Pallas Athene and riding Pegasus.


  • Calypso:
    Nymph on island of Ogygia who kept Odysseus prisoner for seven years.
  • Cassandra:
    Prohhetess - maiden daughter of Priam who was taken as booty by Agamemnon.
  • Centaurs:
    Half man, half horse that lived on Mount Pelion.
  • Cerberus:
    Many headed dog that guarded the gateway to the Underground
  • Charities (Graces):
    The three attendants of Aphrodite.
  • Charon:
    Ferried the souls of the dead over the rivers of Hades.
  • Chiron:
    A Centaur and tutor of the Gods.
  • Cronos (Saturn):
    The oldest of the Gods he devoured his sons at birth so as to retain his throne and was finally overthrown by Zeus.
  • Cyclops:
    A giant with one eye in the middle of the forehead.

  • Daedalus:
    A craftman who flew with wings made of wax.
  • Dementer (Ceres):
    Goddess of the produce of the earth.


  • Electra:
    A daughter of Agamemnon and sister of Orestes.
  • Endymion:
    A beautiful youth who was loved by Selene who put him into a perpetual sleep.
  • Eos:
    Goddess of the Dawn and daughter of Hyperion. Eris:
    Goddess of discord.
  • Eros (Cupid):
    God of Love.
  • Eumenides (Furies):
    Winged maidens, avenging dei-ties.
  • Europa:
    A beautiful Nymph who was carried by Zeus in the guise of a bull across the sea of Crete.


  • Fates:
    Three sisters who controlled the destiny of man


  • Ganymede:
    A mor tal prince who became Zeus's cup-bear er.
  • Gorgons:
    Three winged sisters with snakes for hair. They were so ugly that whoever looked at them was turned to stone.


  • Hades (Pluto):
    God of the Under wor ld who carried off Persephone, the daugh-ter of Dementer. Also the name of the under world itself.
  • Harpies:
    Vultures with old women's heads who tormented men.
  • Hector:
    Trojan her o and son of Priam who was killed by Achilles.
  • Helen:
    Wife of Menelaus who was carried off, by Paris, to Tr y and was the cause of the Trojan War.
  • Hephaestus (Vulcan):
    God of fire and blacksmiths.
  • Hera ( Juno):
    Queen of Heaven and daughter of Cronos.
  • Heracles ( Hercules):
    A Greek hero who accomplished twelve labours with the help of Gods.
  • Hermes ( Mercury):
    God of travelers, merchants, shepherds and robbers as well as messenger and herald of the Gods
  • Hydra:
    Seven headed monster who was killed by Hercules.
  • Hygieia:
    Goddess of health.
  • Hymen:
    God of marriage.
  • Hyperion:
    Father of Helios ( Sun), Selene ( Moon) and Eos (Dawn).


  • Jason:
    Sailed with the Argonauts on the Argo in quest of the Golden Fleece.


  • Leander:
    A Youth of Abydos who swam Hellespont each night to see Hero, priestess of Aphrodite.

  • Medea:
    Daughter of Aeretes who helped Jason in his quest.
  • Medusa:
    A Gorgon that was killed by Perseus.
  • Menelaus:
    Married to Helen of Troy, He was the King of Spata.
  • Mnemnosyne:
    Goddess of memory and mother of the nine Muses.
  • Muses:
    Nine sisters presiding over the arts.


  • Narcissus:
    He gazed into a str eam and fell in love with his own image,
  • Nymphs:
    Lesser female deities.


  • Odysseus (Ulysses):
    The Greek leader of the Trojan war who invented the 'Trojan Horse'.
  • Oedipus:
    King of Thebes ans son of Laius. He killed his father as was prophesied at his birth
  • Orestes:
    Son of Age me mnon and Clytemnestra
  • Orpheus:
    Tried to reclaim his wife from Hades with the aid of his lyre playing without success.


  • Paris:
    The son of Priam. He selected Aphrodite as the most beautiful Goddess and was rewarded with Helen.
  • Parnassus:
    A mountain dedicated to Muses a nd also inhabited by Bacchantes.
  • Pegasus:
    The winged horse.
  • Perseus:
    With the assistance of the Gods he killed Gorgon Medusa.
  • Poseidon ( Neptune):
    Brother of Zeus and King of the sea.
  • Priam:
    The last King of Tr oy.
  • Prometheus:
    A titan who stole fire from Olympus and gave it to men.
  • Psyche:
    A beautiful Nymph beloved by Eros.
  • Pallas Athene (Minerva):
    Goddess of wisdom and power.
  • Pan (Faunus):
    God of shepherds, Pan was half man and half goat.
  • Pandora:
    The first woman. Zeus asked Hephaestus to make her of clay. The ills of the wor ld were released from her box.



  • Satyrs:
    Spirits of the woods and fields and devotees of Baccus.
  • Sirens:
    Nymphs whose beautiful voices lured people to their deaths.
  • Styx:
    The main river of the Underworld.


  • Themis:
    Goddess of law and justice.
  • Titans:
    Older race of giant Gods.
  • Zeus (Jupiter):
    Replaced his father, Cronos, as the King of Gods.


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